Authorship confers credit, has important academic, social and financial implications, and also implies responsibility and accountability for published work. Our authorship policy follows the ICMJE and BMDC guidelines.

Authorship criteria: All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. An author should have the following criteria-
1) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
2) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
3) Final approval of the version to be published; AND
4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Therefore, the author(s) should be able to take public responsibility for the appropriate portions of the work and should have full confidence in the accuracy and integrity of the works of the co-authors. It is the collective responsibility of the authors, not the journal editors, to determine that each of the people named as author(s) meets all the four criteria and to determine the order in which authors are listed on the by-line. They are also be expected as individuals to complete disclosure forms.

Author of a review article: The BMDC suggests senior authors to write a review article. An author can write review article only if he / she has written a minimum of two (2) original research articles and/or four (4) case reports on the same topic.

Corresponding author: The corresponding author is the one individual who takes primary responsibility for communication with the journal during the manuscript submission, peer-review, and publication process. He/she should be available to respond to editorial queries in a timely way, and after the article has been published to respond to critiques of the work and to cooperate with any requests from the journal for data or additional information about the publication. The corresponding author should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for which specific parts of the work and to ensure all the journal’s administrative requirements including details of authorship, ethics committee approval, and clinical trial registration documentation. Although the corresponding author has primary responsibility for correspondence with the journal, copies of all correspondence are usually sent from the journal to all listed authors by default.

Author identification: This journal urges the authors to use their ORCID ID when submitting a manuscript or acquire an ORCID ID via the submission process. However, this is not mandatory.

Non-author contributors: Contributors who meet fewer than all 4 of the above criteria for authorship should not be listed as authors, but they should be acknowledged according to their participation, e.g., acquisition of funding, general supervision, or administrative support, and writing assistance, technical editing, language editing, proofreading etc.

Ghost or gift author: Irrelevant person or without any contribution should not be entitled as co-authors. Such persons will be regarded as ghost author(s) and the act to be illegal. Therefore, relevancy and contribution of co-authors should be clearly mentioned by the corresponding author, if asked by the assigned editor.

Changing authorship: Authors should ensure the author group, the corresponding author, and the order of authors are all correct at submission. Adding and/or deleting authors during the revision stages is generally not permitted, but in some cases may be warranted. If authors request removal or addition of an author after manuscript submission or publication, the authors need to write by mail with proper explanation with a document of signed statement of agreement for the requested change from all listed authors and from the author to be removed or added.

Authorship dispute: It is not the duty of journal editors to arbitrate authorship conflicts. However, for the sake of the journal’s reputation, if an authorship dispute arises the assigned editor will contact all the authors to make sure their substantial intellectual contributions to merit authorship. The institution(s) where the work was performed can be asked to investigate. If a case of misconduct is proved, the paper can be retracted, even the author might be banned from submitting a paper for a certain period. Please, go through our retraction policy for details. If agreement cannot be reached about the authorship conflict and any party takes legal action, the journal will assist the judiciary.