Assessment of Joint Health Status of Haemophilia Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Bangladesh

Nasrin Akhter (1) , Amin Lutful Kabir (2) , M T Islam (3) , Md. Abdul Aziz (4) , A B M Yunus (5) , Masuda Begum (6) , Salahuddin Shah (7) , Rafiquzzaman Khan (8) , Farzana Rahman (9)
(1) Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University , Bangladesh
(2) Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University , Bangladesh
(3) Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University , Bangladesh
(4) Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University , Bangladesh
(5) Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University , Bangladesh
(6) Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University , Bangladesh
(7) Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University , Bangladesh
(8) Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University , Bangladesh
(9) Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University , Bangladesh

Abstract

Background: Haemophilia is a sex-linked bleeding disorder. Affected patients suffer spontaneous or post-traumatic bleeding into various sites of the body, mainly into joints, depending on the level of coagulation factor deficiency. Recurrent joint bleeds lead to progressive disability. Susceptibility to joint haemorrhage in persons with haemophilia suggests that the routine assessment of joint health is an important aspect of clinical management and outcome studies assessing the efficacy of treatment. Aim: The aim of the study was to assess of joint health status in haemophilia patients attending in a tertiary care hospital, Bangladesh. Methodology: A descriptive observational study was carried out in the department of Haematology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka. A total number of 45 patients who were attended in OPD and IPD, meeting inclusion and exclusion criteria of enrolled haemophilia patients, were included in the study. Joint assessment or any kind of joint impairment was assessed by the Haemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS) score 2.1 version (an eight-item scoring tool for assessing joint impairments of the six index joints in boys with haemophilia aged 4–18 years. Clinical and laboratory information was recorded with a semi structured questionnaire. Result: Among 45 haemophilia patients, the mean age was 12.9±3.4 years while males were predominant (91.1%). Majority (80.0%) of the patients (36) were diagnosed as haemophilia A.  This study observed that, 48.9% of the patients had moderate and 28.9% had severe haemophilia. Knee joint was the predominant target joint. Left knee joint involved in 80% cases and right knee joint were involved in 55.6% of patients. The mean global gait score was found 1.49±0.66 and mean HJHS score was 15.8±4.4. There was no significant correlation between HJHS score and severity of haemophilia (r= -0.081; p=0.596) while significant correlation between the ages of patient with HJHS score (r=0.536; p=0.001) was observed. Conclusion: Haemophilia is a debilitating and life-threatening disease that affects mostly knee, ankle and elbow joints. The joint evaluation system is of paramount importance in clinical practice which is capable to prevent major haemarthrosis and chronic haemophilic synovitis. Haemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS) is an effective and reliable tool to detect early and subtle changes in joint health and function. This study finding will help in future to assess early the joint conditions and complications, which will assist to modify the treatment approach on demand and start prophylaxis.

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Authors

Nasrin Akhter
nakakoli@hotmail.com (Primary Contact)
Amin Lutful Kabir
M T Islam
Md. Abdul Aziz
A B M Yunus
Masuda Begum
Salahuddin Shah
Rafiquzzaman Khan
Farzana Rahman
Author Biographies

Nasrin Akhter, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University

Department of Haematology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka

Amin Lutful Kabir, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University

Associate Professor, Department of Haematology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka

Md. Abdul Aziz, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University

Professor of Haematology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka

A B M Yunus, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University

Professor of Haematology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka

Masuda Begum, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University

Professor of Haematology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka

Salahuddin Shah, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University

Professor of Haematology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka

Rafiquzzaman Khan, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University

Associate Professor of Haematology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka

Farzana Rahman, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University

Associate Professor of Haematology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka

1.
Akhter N, Kabir AL, Islam MT, Aziz MA, Yunus ABM, Begum M, et al. Assessment of Joint Health Status of Haemophilia Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Bangladesh. Haematol J Bangladesh [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 14 [cited 2024 Feb. 28];7(1):10-7. Available from: https://journal.hematologybd.org/index.php/haematoljbd/article/view/97

Article Details

How to Cite

1.
Akhter N, Kabir AL, Islam MT, Aziz MA, Yunus ABM, Begum M, et al. Assessment of Joint Health Status of Haemophilia Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Bangladesh. Haematol J Bangladesh [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 14 [cited 2024 Feb. 28];7(1):10-7. Available from: https://journal.hematologybd.org/index.php/haematoljbd/article/view/97