Characteristics of Haemophilia Patients: A One-Year Experience from A Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh
Keywords:Haemophilia, bleeding disorder, hemarthrosis, haemophilia prophylaxis
Haemophilia is one of the most common bleeding disorders globally. Though the prevalence of haemophilia in Bangladesh according to the ‘World Haemophilia Registry’ is ten per million people, the original prevalence would be much higher. There is lack of evidence about the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of these patients. The objective of the present study was characterization of the haemophilia patients according their socio-demographic condition as well as their disease and treatment related profiles. All the patients who visited the haematology department of Rajshahi Medical College Hospital (RMCH) from May 1, 2019 to April 30, 2020 diagnosed as haemophilia were included in the study. Socio-demographic and clinical data from 74 haemophilia patients were analysed. Among them 72 patients were male. More than two-thirds of the patients were from rural area and belonged to lower socioeconomic status. Total 72 out of 74 patients were suffering from haemophilia A. Severity of the disease was mild 34%, moderate 63% and severe 3%. More than 86% patients reported target joint of bleeding and 78% of them had bleeding in last six months. A total of 73% patients received treatment within past six months of the current visit and all of them received factor concentrates. More than 94% patients received treatment on demand. Under the shed of findings of the present study it is recommended that a funded haemophilia management program and optimum use of prophylactic therapy is necessary to improve the quality of life as well as increase life expectancy of the patients.
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Copyright (c) 2020 M Morsed Zaman Miah, Md. Abdur Rafi
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